New report highlights positive health and wellbeing impacts of arts and creativity in later life

Arts and creativity has an important role to play in health and wellbeing in later life and can help improve physical, psychological, and social health and wellbeing in older adults, a new report published by the Institute of Public Health (IPH) has found.
The report, ‘Arts and Creativity in Later Life: Implications for Public Health and Older People’ reviewed more than 70 international studies investigating the potential health and wellbeing benefits of dancing, music and singing, visual and creative arts, and drama and theatre.
New report highlights positive health and wellbeing impacts of arts and creativity in later lifeThe research carried out by the Institute of Public Health found:
Dance is particularly beneficial for improving balance, mobility, strength, flexibility, physical activity, as well as improving cognitive function.
Music and singing can provide improvements in cognitive function and improved emotions.
Music and singing and visual arts can help improve quality of life, social connections, and a sense of wellbeing.
The findings have significant implications for both public health and the arts and creativity sector, according to the authors of the comprehensive review, especially with low participation in arts and creativity by older people.
There is clear evidence that participating in arts and creative activities can have a positive impact on the health and wellbeing of older adults. This suggests that the benefits of taking part in arts and creativity should be more widely promoted in later life.
IPH Evaluations and Interventions Officer, Laura McQuade, co-author of the report said: “Given the health and wellbeing benefits, there is an opportunity to encourage more adults in Ireland and Northern Ireland to take part in arts and creativity as they grow older.”
The review also identified a knowledge gap in how arts and creativity interventions are evaluated for their return on investment in health and social terms.
To bridge that gap, IPH commissioned researchers Professor Ciaran O’Neill and Dr Grainne Crealey from Clinical Costing Solutions to review how the economic benefits of arts and creativity interventions are evaluated.
This review found that arts and creativity interventions could be cost-effective and offer value for money but recommended improvements to how such programmes are evaluated into the future.
“Arts and creativity interventions have the potential to improve the health and wellbeing of older adults at relatively low cost and such interventions can be accessible and scalable without the need for significant infrastructural investment. The methods used to assess their relative value need to evolve if such interventions are to compete with other activities intended to improve health and wellbeing,” Dr Crealey and Professor O’Neill said. 

Please find attached an executive summary of the report on ‘Arts and Creativity in Later Life: Implications for Public Health and Older People’.
The full reports are available here.
Arts & Creativity
Arts and creativity encompass a diverse range of activities and mediums through which we can express ourselves, from performance arts (dance, music, singing, drama and theatre) to visual arts (painting, drawing, photography, sculpture, and crafts) to literature, writing, reading and poetry, museums, art exhibitions and galleries.
Evidence of health benefits for older people
This review assessed 73 studies from 18 separate countries, half of which related to dance.
The available evidence was ranked as strong, promising, or preliminary.
It was not possible to compare the health outcomes or benefits of each activity given variation in the volume of evidence available.
Dance
There is:
  • strong evidence that regularly taking part in group dance can enhance balance and mobility, improve physical strength and flexibility, increase aerobic capacity and endurance, and increase physical activity levels.
  • promising evidence that dance is associated with improvements in body composition, lipid and inflammatory profiles, as well as improving cognition and brain function.
  • preliminary evidence that dance can help improve independence in daily living activities and reduce the fear of falling.
  • preliminary evidence that dance can help alleviate depression and boost mood or self-esteem in older adults living with mild cognitive impairment or age-related macular degeneration.
Music and singing
There is:
  • promising evidence that regularly taking part in group singing and music classes is linked with improved cognitive function, quality of life, and preserving a sense of wellbeing.
  • preliminary evidence to suggest an association between group singing and enhanced respiratory function.
  • initial evidence that music and singing can help improve resilience and reduce loneliness but more evidence is needed.
  • qualitative evidence that taking part in group singing and music activities can enhance wellbeing, and help develop new skills, positive relationships, a sense of belonging and increased social networks.
Visual and creative arts
There is:
  • preliminary evidence that visual and creative arts can help to reduce feelings of loneliness and improve a sense of community and social connectedness.
  • qualitative evidence that participation in visual and creative art group programmes can help improve cognitive abilities, develop new skills, and provide opportunities to develop new relationships and social connections.
  • promising evidence that visual and creative arts programmes, like creating watercolour paintings and art making, can help improve wellbeing in older adults living with dementia.
Drama and theatre
There is:
  • preliminary evidence that regularly taking part in drama and theatre classes can provide emotional wellbeing benefits although more research is required.
Participation rates in arts and creativity
The 2018/19 Continuous Household Survey carried out by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) and the Department for Communities found that participation in the arts remains low, with one third of all adults had participated in an arts activity at least once in the previous year. The official data also shows that women are more likely to participate in an arts activity than men and that participation decreases with age (NISRA, 2019).

Figures from Ireland suggest that participation in the arts was slightly less, with only 25% of adults indicating that they had participated in at least one arts activity over a year (Eurostat, 2015, 2019).

Economic evaluation of arts and creativity interventions for older adults
This report by two health economists found that if arts and creativity interventions are to effectively compete for scarce resources with more traditional ‘health’ interventions, it is important that the methods employed are suitable for public health interventions.
Professor Ciaran O’Neill from Clinical Costing Solutions will be available for interview about these findings.
About the Institute of Public Health
The Institute of Public Health informs public policy to support healthier populations in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
The Institute has a team of public health and policy development specialists based in offices in Dublin and Belfast.
For more information visit www.publichealth.ie 

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